Features
2 Apr 24

What are the most popular e-LCV's in Europe?

In 2023, sales of ICE (Internal Combustion Engine) LCVs dipped below the 90% market share for the first time, with diesel powertrains bearing the brunt of the decline while the share of efficient petrol LCVs continues to rise.

LCVs serve as the cornerstone of European logistics, constituting approximately 75% of total commercial vehicle sales. In 2018, LCV production reached its zenith, exceeding 2.2 million units. However, the onset of the pandemic in 2020 generated a sharp decline, with production being close to 1.75 million units. Subsequently, during the chip shortage period from 2020 to 2022, production remained stagnant around the 1.75 million mark.

France emerges as the premier manufacturer of LCVs, with Renault and Peugeot ranking as the second and third-best-selling LCV brands in the EU, respectively, trailing behind Ford.

When analysing the distribution of various powertrains, a subtle shift towards eLCV is discernible, even if less pronounced compared to the transition observed in the personal vehicle sector (source: ACEA).

  2018

2019

2020

2021

2022

2023

Diesel

92,90%

91,70%

92,40%

90,20%

85,70%

82,60%

Petrol

4,60%

5,10%

3,40%

3,80%

5,20%

6,30%

Subtotal ICE

97,50%

96,80%

95,80%

94,00%

90,90%

88,90%

Electrified

1,20%

1,30%

2,00%

3,00%

5,40%

7,40%

Hybrid

0,10%

0,30%

0,90%

1,70%

2,50%

2,30%

Others

1,20%

1,60%

1,30%

1,40%

1,20%

1,40%


In 2023, sales of ICE (Internal Combustion Engine) LCVs dipped below the 90% threshold for the first time, with diesel powertrains bearing the brunt of the decline while the share of efficient petrol LCVs continues to rise.

The majority of LCVs sold in Europe are equipped with internal combustion engines (ICE), contributing to approximately 2.5% of the total EU emissions of CO2. Consequently, the LCV sector has drawn the attention of European regulators, leading to the imposition of certain restrictions outlined in European decarbonisation targets:

  • A 50% reduction in CO2 emissions for vans from 2030 to 2034, compared to 2021 levels.
  • Complete emission reductions for vans by 2035.

Moreover, GHG accounting (Scope 3) has created a ripple effect: the transportation of goods, whether from a supplier to a customer, factors into the sustainability performance of all companies. Beyond regulatory considerations, this compels LCV fleet managers to transition to electrification despite challenges.

Positive outlook

An increasing number of eLCVs is hitting the market. Some of the more popular models (source: Marklines – non-exhaustive) and their 2023 sales are listed below:
 

Make

Model

Sales 2023

VW

ID.Buzz (mix PV and LCV registrations)

19230

Opel

Vivaro

6097

Ford

Transit (different versions)

5276

Peugeot

Partner

4724

Peugeot

Expert

3503

Mercedes-Benz

Vito

3325

Citroen

Jumpy

2845

Maxus

e Deliver 9

1336

Mercedes-Benz

Sprinter

1271

Fiat

Doblo

1205

Renault

Master

886


Transit and Vivaro are expected to lead the (true) electric van market in Europe in 2024, but steep competition from competitors is also expected.

In the e-Book 'Clean And Lean Commercial Vehicles' there is an overview of the specs of top e-vans in Europe. You can download the e-book here.

 

The main photo shows Fiat E-Doblo, courtesy of Stellantis. 

Authored by: Mufit Yilmaz Gokmen